Silesian Voivodeship, dynamically developing and a modern region, is at the same time strongly rooted in tradition and has a diversified economic structure. Silesia attracts people with its industrial history, good business climate, natural landscape, cultural events and positive energy of its inhabitants. It is a place where modern infrastructure meets industrial tradition. The region tempts with tourist attractions offering various forms to spend free time. Diversity is an accurate word to describe the values of Silesia.
Silesian Voivodeship invests in the next generations of young athletes and the development of sport in the region, which makes it a leader in terms of its financing. From the modernization of popular arenas, such as the Silesian Stadium, through investments in smaller and larger sports facilities, to the initiation of programs supporting regional sports clubs. As a result, Silesian Voivodeship can be proud of the Polish champion’s titles in football, medals of national championships won by athletes, basketball, hockey, volleyball, handball, skiing, biathlon, fencing, archery and sports acrobatics. In each of these disciplines, Silesia has had and has outstanding representatives to show off on world sports arenas.
There are also many sports facilities for amateurs in the region. Sailing on the Żywieckie Lake, kayaking on the Ruda River, and skiing in winter on Góra Żar, are just a few of the numerous sports attractions that, between windsurfing, diving and climbing, the Silesian Voivodeship offers.
TRIAL OF THE EAGLE’S NESTS
This is a unique tourist route connecting Kraków and Częstochowa, where you can visit Jurassic castles and fortresses set on the rocks. It also has its special event – Juromania, which is also the feast of the Polish Jurassic Highland. One of the most popular places on this trail is the Ogrodzieniec Castle in the Silesian Voivodeship. A great attraction of this place is the illumination after dark when you can see ghosts and phantoms walking through the ruins.
Industriada takes place every year as the feast of the Industrial Monuments Route of the Silesian Province. This is the largest festival of industrial heritage in Poland and the second in Europe that promotes the region’s industrial culture. On the famous route in Silesia, there are as many as 40 objects related to i.e. energy, metallurgy, ceramics and railways.
THE CASTLE MUSEUM IN PSZCZYNA
The castle in Pszczyna that we can visit today is the result of many reconstructions. Its long and extensive history dates back to the 11th century. Thanks to the Castle Museum located in the palace walls today, we can admire the richly ornamented interiors or chambers with preserved original furnishings. The elegant and harmonious park kept in English style adds additional beauty to the castle.
The museum is located on the old Katowice Coal Mine which at its peak mined about 120 million tons of coal. The coal mine was turned into a culture mine. The Gallery of Polish Art 1800-1945, the Gallery of Polish Art after 1945, the Gallery of Silesian Religious Art and the Gallery of Non-professional Art were opened 14 meters underground. In the museum’s underground halls, you can see the artworks of prominent Polish artists – Malczewski, Matejko, Boznańska, Gierymski and Mehoffer. After exploring the wealth of the depths of the Silesian Museum, you can look at Katowice from a different perspective – from the terrace of the 40-meter-high observation tower. From the former “Warszawa II” hoisting shaft, you can admire the Culture Zone and the panorama of the city.
TWO TOWERS OF THE HARD COAL MINE IN ŚWIĘTOCHŁOWICE
A characteristic element of Upper Silesia’s landscape is the monumental hoisting towers and shafts, important in the region’s industrialisation process. Two towers, built between 1884-1887, initially served the newly opened levels of the mine. Although just a few years ago towers were a ruin, today they are a symbol of the industrial history of Silesia and their rebirth as it used to be an active coal mine years ago.
QUEEN LOUISE ADIT
Today, it is a tourist complex that includes the preserved part of the “Queen Louise” Mine and the Main Key Hereditary Adit. Both objects are crucial elements of the history of Silesian mining and its industrial heritage. One of the most fantastic attractions of the adit is the underground water trail, the longest of its kind in coal mining.
This beautifully designed place was established at the beginning of the 20th century and was created for the nearby mine workers and their families. The red-brick buildings draw attention to the architectural details and ornaments. In the centre of the estate, there is a market square with many charming cafes and restaurants. Today Nikiszowiec still serves its inhabitants and is a living museum itself.
FAMILOKS IN CZERWIONKA-LESZCZYNY
You can find the Worker’s Housing Estate of the “Dębieńsko” mine in this small town. This is one of the most beautiful and best-preserved colonies of this type, witnessing the dynamic development of the steel industry.
The Beskids are the youngest mountains in Poland with eleven national parks established throughout their area. Ranges such as Beskid Śląski, Beskid Żywiecki or Gorce are only a piece of the astonishing natural landscape of these mountains and their beauty, which is worth experiencing.